Births & Baptisms
Since December 20, 1908, Ohio state law has required the recording of all births on standard birth certificate forms. Prior to that date Ohio counties and some cities began keeping birth records. Birth records at Hamilton County Probate Court run from 1863 to 1908. The City of Cincinnati also created birth records from 1874 to 1912. Many births were not recorded, but registration improved by the turn of the 20th century. Church baptismal records provide supplemental information, particularly for births prior to these dates and births not registered. Birth dates and parentage can sometimes be determined from Death Records, Death Notices and Obituaries, and Cemeteries.
19th century baptismal records
The five HCGS books, Selected Hamilton County, Ohio, Church Baptism Records – Early through 1899, contain indexes of Protestant baptisms in Hamilton County, mostly in Cincinnati. Roman Catholic baptisms are not included due to Archdiocesan policy. Each entry in the index includes a reference to the source microfilm. To obtain information from these books:
To obtain information from the original records:
1863 - 1908 civil birth records
Images of birth record index cards for the City of Cincinnati from 1874 to 1912 are in a searchable database, Cincinnati Birth and Death Records, 1865-1912, created by the University of Cincinnati Archives & Rare Books Library.
Hamilton County Probate Court recorded births from 1863 to 1908. The best source for these records is Ohio, County Births, 1841 – 2003, a searchable FamilySearch database. Probate Court’s Birth Records (1863-1908) has a typed index rather than a search engine. Each record spans a single line across two pages, so scroll down to see the next page.
Delayed birth registrations for births as early as the 1860s are in Ohio, County Births, 1841 – 2003. Filed between 1941 and 1964, these records contain extensive details. The FamilySearch index brings up the first page of the record. Go forward one page to see the second page of the record and more information.
Post-1908 birth records
- The Ohio Department of Health holds birth certificates from December 20, 1908 to the present. Vital Records has instructions and forms for ordering a birth certificate from the state office. However, if you know where the person was born within Hamilton County, such as within the cities of Cincinnati or Norwood or elsewhere in the county, you can also order the certificate from:
page modified: 03/15/2017